The LW Treecare Blog

Tree sustainability

Monitoring tree health and protecting our trees, woods and forests from pests and diseases is an increasingly important part of sustainable tree management. This means you need to be able to identify specific pests and diseases to tackle any obvious problems. Once you know what’s affecting your trees, you can find advice on what action to take. LWTREECARE are here to advise If you’re unsure what’s causing the problem, then contact LWTREECARE for a free quote as to cause and c

Leaf infection

Leaf infections called "leafspots" are caused by a variety of fungi and some bacteria on many trees. An especially harmful version of this disease is called anthracnose which attacks many tree species including dogwood and sycamore. Positive identification usually requires laboratory diagnosis. Symptoms of Leaf Spot Disease LA leaf spot disease creates spots on foliage. The spots will vary in size and color depending on the plant, the organism involved and the stage of develo

Where to plant a tree

When planting these are few questions you should ask and which LWTreecare are happy to offer advice on. Are there any features you want to make the most of? This could include existing features, for example views or ponds, or ones you want to create, like open glades, orchards or copses of special trees. Establishing this will help you design the planting plan. How will you access your trees? Can you walk around the site or do you need access for a vehicle (important if you a

Wounded trunks

There are many types of wounds on trunks and most will heal on their own. The good news is, a tree has the amazing ability to seal off or compartmentalize most wounds. Still, when a tree trunk receives a wound, the injury becomes a pathway for disease, insects, and decay. This situation might be repeated many times during the life of an individual tree, so a long-term plan for caring is essential to the continued health of your trees. Consult LWTeecare as to best way forward

What to do with grindings

After a tree stump has been ground to small chips by a stump grinder, you will be amazed at the big pile of shredded stump you will be left with. Since leaving the grinding out in the open will do nothing for the beauty of your garden, why not put it to good use. One of the ways to use stump grindings is to use it as mulch. But before you use it for mulching, you need to make sure that the tree from which the grinding came from is not disease infested. Once this has been asce

Your new tree

Bare root trees and plants can be planted any time during the dormant season usually from mid November to mid March. You should plant bare root trees and plants in their permanent position as soon as you can after receiving them. While it is always best to plant the trees as soon as you can, it is sometimes better if conditions are not right to wait longer and plant when conditions improve. In any event you should always plant before spring growth and not plant if the ground

TREES IN SPRING

Trees and bushes that lost their leaves over the winter begin to grow new leaves again and also flower in spring. This happens because the temperature of the air and soil starts to warm up and the hours of daylight increase as the days get longer with the coming of spring. Plants need light to make food to grow and reproduce. Some trees produce blossom or catkins before their leaves appear. Other trees grow new leaves first. The trees need to have flowers if they are to produ

POLLARDING

To “Poll” was originally a name for the top of the head, and “to poll” was a verb meaning “to crop the hair”. Traditionally pollarding was preferred over coppicing in wood-pastures and other grazed areas. Coppicing was a problem for the woodsman who also owned livestock as the practise involves pruning woody plants or trees to almost ground level. As soon as coppice stools put on new growth, the new growth would grow at the same level as the pasture in the path of grazing ani

Planting a tree

Most new trees need a stake or post to support them while they get established. A proper tree stake (wood or metal) is best, but a heavy-duty bamboo cane will suffice for smaller trees if you are in a hurry. Do NOT add compost or fertiliser to the planting hole (unless you are planting on re-claimed building land or have exceptionally poor soil). Apply a bucket of water after. Apply a mulch around the base of the tree after planting. Make sure grass and similar vegetation is

Over hanging branches

A tree belongs to the person who owns the land on which it grows. However, if you’re the owner/occupier of land over which the branches of a tree overhang, you are generally entitled to chop back the branches to the boundary line. You don’t need to get the owner of the tree’s permission before removing overhanging branches, although if you do intend to do this, it’s a good idea to inform the owner before doing so – they’re less likely to complain about your actions if you dis

Bark

The bark of different trees has evolved to make best use of the environment in which each species occurs. Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) bark offers protection from fire. In prehistoric times, parts of Scotland’s woodlands would have been influenced by fires, which would have occasionally swept through areas of forest. While this may seem devastating, when forests were more extensive, pinewood ecosystems would actually have benefited from such natural disturbance, as it can cl

Feeding trees

If the soil is poor, it’s best to improve it with organic matter before planting a tree that requires fertile soil. When planting your tree, we recommend adding a few spadefuls of organic matter with the backfill soil. The tree planting compost we supply is ideal as it contains a slow release fertiliser which will feed the tree for the next 9-12 months. After the first year, you can apply a top dressing of fertiliser in late winter or early spring to help your trees along. Fe

Design with trees in mind

Trees block out part of the sky, defining the sky's borders. Trees also contribute structure to the garden. Trunks and branches act as posts and beams to bring the sky down to a more human scale. For this management of the sky, trees have a purpose in every landscape, even the smallest one. Trees have other uses as well. No other characteristic of trees is as obvious in the landscape as the shade they provide. Through their ability to filter sunlight and to cool the air throu

SHADY

Most gardens have shade at some time of the day or year; perhaps cast by overhanging trees, or from a wall or fence, or the shadow of the house. Small urban gardens may be in the shade for much of the day, the surrounding buildings only allowing the sun’s rays to penetrate when it is directly overhead in summer. In some cases the planting situation may be permanently shaded, even if there is daylight. Shade is often seen as a challenging situation, because we cannot grow the

Cuttings soft wood

With soft wood cuttings take the cutting during the summer, and choose a young shoot higher on the plant that's around 5 or 6 inches long. Cut the shoot off below a leaf joint, leaving the heel attached to the plant. Trim off the lower leaves on the cutting, leaving around 4 or 5 pairs of leaves at the very top. As with the hardwood cuttings, you should dip the end of the shoot in hormone powder. Plant the new cutting in a pot or other container designed for the growth of cut

Tree and plant cuttings

There are two primary methods of taking cuttings, dependant upon the makeup of the plant. Hardwood cuttings are taken from more rigid plants, such as gooseberries, roses, currants, and others. Softwood cuttings are taken from softer plants, including many flowering plants and bushes, such as carnations, delphiniums, chrysanthemums, geraniums, and the like. Should you have any questions about the type of plant that you're going to be taking a cutting from, ask a nursery or flo

To mulch or not to mulch, that is the question

What is mulch? Mulch is a 2- to 4-inch layer of material that covers the top of the soil in your gardens in the spring. Additional mulch is often added throughout the growing season as needed. It should completely cover open soil but should never touch plant stems or tree trunks. Why do you need mulch? Mulch is a gardener's best friend especially if you hate weeding. A thick layer of mulch will prevent weed seeds from germinating and growing to compete with your plants for wa

Branching out? What are tree surgeons?

It is often asked what a tree surgeon does and whether or not they’re doctors. Tree surgeons or arborists, to give them their technical name, undertake many services but essentially they’re involved in the care and maintenance of trees. Trees are living organisms, are an ecosystem themselves and are thus a fundamental part of the environment. However, conflicts between trees and people often arise. This can be due to a tree’s natural growth or its failure due to adverse weath

Pruning

Always cut to a bud, lateral branch, or main trunk. Do not leave stubs.Use the three-cut method for large limbs which are more than two inches in diameter.When pruning back to a main stem or another branch, do not make a flush cut. Instead make a cut outside the raised branch collar. The collar contains chemicals that are a barrier against pathogens and help the tree form woundwood. Do not remove more than one-quarter of the living crown of a tree at one time. If it is necess

Newly Planted

Newly planted trees – those planted within the past three years – require regular water and care to thrive. Failing to do so can result in your tree not reaching its full potential size, as well as making it vulnerable to pests and disease or death. #LWTreecare.#treecare.#canterbury.#kent.#treesurgeons.#watering.