The LW Treecare Blog

Watch the bird

All birds in the UK are fully protected by law (Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 - WCA) from intentional harm. Under the same act, any active nest, including nest building or a nest with eggs or chicks in, is also protected from intentional destruction or removal and you cannot block access to any active nest. So, if you see a bird carrying nesting material or food into an area, this indicates that there is an active nest there.There is no law in the UK preventing any one fr

Hollow Oaks

Large and old oak trees have special properties lacking in younger trees. They have rougher bark, more dead branches in the crown, and more and bigger cavities in the trunk. These cavities become full of wood mould, which looks like reddish-brown flour and consists of rotten wood, remnants of nests, dead insects, bird droppings, leaves, fungi, etc. Many insects are dependent on this wood mould for food and as a habitat for their larvae. The cavities of oaks also house bats an


Coppicing is a pruning technique where a tree or shrub is cut to ground level, resulting in regeneration of new stems from the base. It is commonly used for rejuvenating and renovating old shrubs. Coppicing is a pruning technique used for many reasons, including: Creates a multi-stemmed shrub rather than a large single-trunked tree Generates new stems on shrubs with good winter stem colour (such as dogwoods and some willows) Encourages larger leaves on trees such as Catalpa,

Tree water loss

Tree loss is a problem for all of us; with so many benefits to offer people in a changing climate, it is an irony that those changes may result in increased tree mortality rates.  Around five and a half million urban shade trees were killed by a record drought last year: ten per cent of the entire urban forest.  In addition, half a billion rural, park and forest trees are also reported to have died and a lot more trees will have been stressed beyond repair by the lack of wate

Trees near houses

A well-landscaped yard can add market value to your home, but a few strategically placed trees can help to drastically reduce your heating bill by 10 percent to 50 percent. Planting tall trees such as the maple, oak and spruce or medium-sized trees such as the dogwood and crab apple. Check with LW Tree Care for information on which trees grow best in your area. Plant deciduous (leaf-loosing) trees around the east, west and south side of your home because these sides of the

Topping or pollarding, that is the question!

The pollarding process begins on young trees, and is typically repeated every year or every two years throughout the trees life. Do note, if you decide to pollard a tree on your property, it is crucial that this process is carried out on a consistent basis. Once young trees have reached the desired height, winter pollarding can begin. It is typical to leave the trunk supporting three or five branches. These branches are then cut back to a desired length, and the ‘twiggy’ grow

Weather predicting pine cones

In dry weather, pine cones open up so gusts of wind can catch and carry the seeds inside. Then the seeds can ride the wind and hopefully get planted elsewhere do more trees can grow. But wet weather will just wash the seeds away. So when it's rainy or humid, pine cones will close up to protect their seeds. That’s why a pine cone can make a great weather station. Hang one outside near a window and check it to see if it's open or closed. A closed pine cone might tell you that i

Fast growing trees

Weeping Willow, Lombardy Popular and Silver Birch have been named among the list of fast-growing trees in the UK. Some trees take decades to mature, as the traditional Oak tree. The Lombardy Poplar is one of the fastest growing, climbing a staggering 3.6 metres a year. Eventually reaching its full height of 20 metres in just over five years. Other common UK trees, like the Weeping Willow, grows up to 2.4 metres a year reaching its mature height of 15 metres in around six year

Poisonous trees/shrubs

Whilst a beautiful, scenic garden is a joy to look at and to spend time in, we must also be aware that there are a number of dangerous plants and trees that are poisonous if we are exposed to them incorrectly. Therefore, when you're considering which plants, flowers and trees to plant in your garden, you should seek advice from your garden centre or store about which ones are poisonous and how they should be treated, especially if you have young children. Many garden centres,

Britain's oldest tree

The Ashbritle village is home to Britain’s oldest living tree. Believed to be planted during 2,000 BC; the Ashbritle Yew is in the Churchyard of St. John the Baptist. The tree has seven trunks; one hollow central trunk and six trunks surrounding it. Yew trees are considered to have a significant place in Christianity. People worship it as a symbol of renewal and resurrection. Even though Yews are poisonous, they also produce an anti-cancer drug. If myths are to be believed, a

Exposed roots

Caring for the large exposed roots that break through the surface of the soil will protect the health of the entire tree. The large, woody roots that commonly emerge through the surface of the soil primarily function as anchors for the tree. These roots have feeder roots growing off of them. Both types of roots take in oxygen for the tree. Trees often send roots above the surface for greater access to oxygen. Covering these roots incorrectly will only starve the tree and le

How to age a tree

Scientists have been studying trees for hundreds of years. They can tell the age of the tree, the climate, floods, insect-damage and even if there was a forest fire by examining the trees. Determining the age of tree by counting annual rings is called Dendrochronology. "Dendro-" is Greek for tree. "Chron-" means time. And, "-ology" is the study of. Here are some methods scientists use to tell a tree's age. Look for a fallen tree nearby that is the same as the one you wish to

Reasons to prune

Reasons to Trim or Prune a Tree Trees are generally trimmed for one of three purposes: aesthetics, safety or health. For example: Aesthetics: Pruning a tree effectively helps to maintain its shape and appearance. However, you shouldn’t try to impose an unnatural shape or size on a tree. The amount of trimming and pruning that will be needed could seriously damage it. Safety: Dead or broken branches and limbs can fall off at any time, which is a serious safety hazard. If the b

Tree shaping

There are various methods to achieving a shaped tree. These process use a variety of horticultural, arboricultural, and artistic techniques to craft an intended design. Chairs, tables, living spaces and art may be crafted from growing trees. Some techniques used for shaping trees are unique to a particular process, whereas other techniques are common to all, though the implementation may be for different reasons. These methods all start with an idea of the intended outcome. S

Tree Pollen

For most people in the UK grass pollen is the key trigger for their hay fever. But if you tend to get hay fever symptoms earlier in the year than other people, it could well be that you’re one of a significant number of people who are allergic to tree pollen. About 20% of hay fever sufferers are allergic to tree pollen. In the UK, the trees most likely to release pollen that causes hay fever are birch, alder, hazel and horse chestnut. If you’re allergic to tree pollen, you wi

Tree stress

Stresses in trees may be caused by natural factors and conditions or through the activities of man or animals. These factors may be chronic (recurring and lasting for a long time) or acute (immediate impact).  Examples of chronic damage are wet soils caused by site selection, soil compaction or poor nutrition. Acute  damage  includes flooding, freezing conditions, severe construction damage and deer browsing. Tree stresses may be very dramatic and obvious or not easily observ

Trees, small or large garden

Perfect for…small gardens Japanese maple are small, deciduous trees, which are perfectly happy to grow in large containers, in smaller gardens. Make sure to fill tubs with loam-based compost, such as John Innes No 2 and keep the soil moist. A slow-release fertiliser or liquid feed is also a good idea in spring. Transplant Japanese maples into bigger tubs every year or so – April/September is the best time to do this. Make sure to cover or wrap the pots in winter, as the roots

TPOs what you need to know

A Tree Preservation Order (TPO) is a legally enforceable order made by the Local Planning Authority (LPA) to protect trees and woodlands in the interests of public amenity. The power to make a TPO is contained in the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the Town and Country (Tree Preservation)(England) Regulations 2012. The principal effect of a TPO is to prohibit the cutting down, uprooting, topping, lopping, wilful damage to, or wilful destruction of, protected trees or w

Tree repair by LWTreecare

FIRST, DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE If the damaged bark is less than 25% of the trees total diameter (as with the above photo) then the tree should recover from the damage just fine as long as the tree is porperly cared for and remains ,otherwise, healthy. With 25% – 50% of the trees diameter damaged, the tree should still survive but with some serious detriments to the  trees health. Even with prompt care you should expect to see some die back in the tree’s canopy. If

Wood splinter removal

Wood splinters are painful and can cause infection, if left unattended. If the splinter is too deep for removal with nails or a pair of tweezers, there is no need to enlarge the wound by digging it out with a needle. Instead, dissolve it under the skin. This is an especially useful technique for children, as it reduces the trauma of removing splinters. There are a number of ways to remove a splinter using natural remedies. Cut a piece of banana skin that is big enough to cove